Genetics of traits associated with pod borer resistance and seed yield in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)

Authors

Department of Agricultural Botany, Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Agriculture University, Akola-444 104, (M.S.) India.

Abstract

The combining ability analysis using Line × Tester model was conducted in chickpea to know the general and specific combining ability of the distingushing parents and their crosses, respectively and to select best material for further breeding programme and generation advanceme- nt. Two genetically diverse testers viz., JAKI-9218 and ICCV-2 as females and 8 males viz., HC-5, ICC-506, PKV Harita, Chandrapur Chanoli, JG-62, Gulak-1, AKG-10-1 and Bushy mutant and their 16 crosses along with two checks were evaluated in a Randomized Complete Block Design for seed yield per plant under unprotected condition and pod borer resistance under field conditions. The resistant genotypes had lower percentage of pod borer damage along with higher levels of malic acid contents. The malic acid content had significant and negative association with larval count at vegetative, flowering and pod formation stage in addition to the percentage of pod damage. The parent Gulak-1 was the best general combiner for seed yield per plant; ICC-506 for most of the traits associated with pod borer resistance and ICCV-2 for percent malic acid content. Therefore, these genotypes were considered as the good parental material for utilizing as one of the parents in further breeding programs as donors for the concerned traits. Two crosses viz.,ICCV-2 × Chandrapur Chanoli, JAKI-9218 × ICC-506 evinced significant sca effects in desirable direction at least for one of the traits associated with pod borer resistance along with one of the parents with a high gca effect and a high mean performance for the traits concerned, indicating opportunity for obtaining desirable segregation in further generations. A high heritability in broad sense was observed for all the traits except for larval count at the flowering stage. The non-additive variance was found predominant in inheritance of seed yield and additive variance for most of the traits associated with pod borer resistance. Hence, superior transgressive segregation may be obtained from this material either through biparental mating or diallel selective mating.

Keywords


Allard R.W. (1960). Principles of PlantBreeding. John Wiley and Sons. Inc., New York and London.

Anonymous. (2013). Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, Govt of India, 2012-13.

Clegg M.T., Allard R.W., and Kahiar A.L. (1972). Is the gene unit of selection? Evidance from two experimental plant populations, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States, 69: 2474-2478.

Girija P. M., Salimath, Patil S. A., Gowda C. L. L., and Sharma H. C. (2008). Biophysical and biochemical basis of host plants resistant to pod borer (Helicoverpa armigera H.) in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding, 68: 320-323.

Jensen N. F. (1970). A diallel selective mating system for breeding. Crop Science, 10: 629-635.

Kempthorne O. (1957). AnIntroduction to Genetic Statistics. John Wiley and Sons, New York.

Malhotra R. S., Gupta P. K., and Arora N. D. (1980).  Diallel analysis over environments in mungbean. Indian Journal of Geneticsand Plant Breeding, 40: 64-66.

Mansour A. E. A. and Mohamed A. A. (2014). Evaluation of different chickpea genotypes for resistance against pod borer, Helicoverpa armigera (Hub.) (Lepdoptera: Noctuidae) under field conditions, Sudan. International Journal of Agriculture Innovations and Research, 2: 1147-1149.

Narayanamma V. L. (2005). Genetics of resistance to pod borer, Helicoverpa armigera. [Ph.D. Thesis.] Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University, Hyderabad, India.

Narayanamma V. L., Sharma H. C., Gowda C. L. L., and Sriramulu M. (2007). Mechanisms of resistance to Helicoverpa armigera and introgression of resistance genes into F1 hybrids in chickpea. Arthropod-Plant Interactions, 1: 263-270.

Narayanamma V. L., Sharma H.C., Vijay P.M., Gowda C. L. L., and Sriramulu M. (2013a). Expression of resistance to the pod borer Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), in relation to high performance liquid chromatography fingerprints of leaf exudates of chickpea. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science, 33: 276-282.

Narayanamma V. L., Gowda C. L. L., Sriramulu M., Ghaffar M.A., and Sharma H.C. (2013b). Nature of gene action and maternal effects for pod borer, Helicoverpa armigera resistance and grain yield in chickpea, Cicer arietnum. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 4: 26-37.

Panse V. G., and Sukhatme P. V. (1967). Statistical Methods for Research Workers, I.C.A.R., New Delhi.

Sarwar M. (2013a). Survey on screening resistance resources in some chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) genotypes against gram pod borer Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) (Lepidoptera : Noctuidae) pest. International Journal of Agriculture Sciences, 3 : 455-458.

Sarwar M. (2013b). Exploration on resources of resistance in chickpea (Cicerarietinum L.) genotypes to gram pod borer Helicoverpaarmigera (Hubner) (Lepidoptera). African Journal of Agricultural Research, 8: 3431-3435.

Sarwar M., Ahmad N., and Tofique M. (2011). Identification of susceptible and tolerant gram (Cicer arietinumL.)      genotypes against gram pod borer (Helicoverpa armigera) (Hubner). Pakistan Journal of Botany, 43: 1265-1270.

Shabbir M.Z., Arshad M., Husain B., Nadeem I., Ali S., Abbasi A., and Ali Q. (2014). Genotypic response of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) for resistance against gram pod borer (Helicoverpa armigera). Advancementsin Life Sciences, 2: 23-30.

ShankarM.,MunghateR. S., Babu T. Ramesh,SrideviD., and Sharma H.C.(2014). Population density and damage by pod borers, Helicoverpa armigera and Spodoptera exigua in a diverse array of chickpea genotypes under natural infestation in the field. Indian Journal of Entomology, 76: 117-127.

Sharma H.C., Singh B.U., Hariprasad K.V., and Bramel P.J. (1999). Host plant resistance to insects in integrated pest management for safer environment. Proceedings, Academy of Environmental Biology, 8: 113-136.

Singh O., and Singh M.N. (2009). Combining ability analysis in pigeonpea. Journal of Food Legumes, 22: 30-33.

Sreelatha E., Gaur T. B., Gowda C. L. L., Ghaffar M. A., and Sharma H. C. (2003). Stability of resistance to Helicoverpa armigera in chickpea. In: Sharma R.N., Shrivastava G. K., Rathore A. L., Sharma M. L., Khan M.A. (ed.): Chickpea Research for the Millennium: Proceedings of the International Chickpea Conference, Raipur : 138-142.

Sreelatha E., Gowda C. L. L., Gour T. B., Sharma H. C., Ramesh S., and Upadhyaya H. D. (2008). Genetic analysis of pod borer (Helicoverpa armigera) resistance and grain yield in desi and kabuli chickpeas (Cicer arietinum) under Unprotected Conditions. Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant Breeding, 68: 45-48.   

Yoshida M., Cowgill S. E., and Wightman J. A. (1995). Mechanism of resistance to Helicoverpa armigera Hub. in Chickpea: Role of Oxalic Acid in Leaf Exudate as an Antibiotic Factor. Journal of Economic Entomology, 88:1783-1786.